home page   contents 

Portsmouth Jewry
Dr Aubrey Weinberg (1985)





4 Lucien Wolf, ESSAYS IN JEWISH HISTORY, Jewish Historical Society, (1934).

5 C. Roth, The Portsmouth Community & Its Historical Background, TRANSACTIONS OF THE JEWISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, Vol XIII, (1936). In his ‘Rise Of Provincial Jewry’, THE JEWISH MONTHLY, (1950), Roth refers to ‘The commanding figure of its early days, who may, indeed be reckoned its founder, was Benjamin Levi, of Wiesbaden, engraver, whose descendants include the Waley and Waley-Cohen families

6 W.G. Gates, THE PORTSMOUTH THAT HAS PASSED, ed J.H. Young (Portsmouth), p.131.

7 H. Slight, CHRONICLE HISTORY OF PORTSMOUTH, (Portsmouth 1838), p.95

8 Laws of the Portsmouth and Southsea Hebrew Congregation, 1978.


10 James Dicciotto, SKETCHES OF ANGLO - JEWISH HISTORY, (Soncino Press 1956) pp.180 - 181.

11 Lake Tasmell, THE PORTSMOUTH GUIDE (1775), p.40

12 Rabbi Eugene Newman M.A., Some New Facts About the Portsmouth Jewish Community, TRANSACTIONS OF THE JEWISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, Vol. XVII (June 1951).

13 C. Roth, LUC. CIT., pp.2O - 2l.

14 See p.20 for details of Aria College.

15 Revd. I. S. Meisels, THE JEWISH CONGREGATION OF PORTSMOUTH (1766 - 1812), a paper read before the Jewish Historical Society, (18 March 1907).

16 C. Roth, LOC. CIT., pp.7 - 12.

17 C. Roth, LOC. CIT., p.3.

18 J.H. Thomas, PORTSMOUTH ARCHIVES REVIEW, V, (1981), p.35.

19 The existence of a Jewish lodging house keeper has been documented, see p.50.

20 Revd. I.S. Meisels, THE JEWISH CONGREGATION, translates Law 7 of the early Minute Book, Should a dispute arise between our members, they must not dare to go to the non-Jewish tribunal, but it is to be settled by our congregation’, p.114.

21 A complete record of the accident appears in THE ANNUAL REGISTER (10 February 1758) briefly: His Majesty’s ship Lancaster being paid off at Spithead, among the trades people that carried goods on board were a great many Jews, who had large quantities of valuable effects with them; the Jews not meeting with the success they desired were resolved to go on shore; it blew very hard, and they had a sailing boat which they had hired for the purpose. About twenty Jews, and a few other people, got into the boat with their effects; but they were not gone very far when by gibbing their sail they were upset. The ship's boats immediately put off, and took up nine or ten of them. Nine Jews were drowned and two died after they were brought on board.

22 C.Roth, OP. C11., p.10

23 Revd. 1.5. Meisels, OP. CIT., p.120.

24 In his SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE JEWS IN ENGLAND, Watts & Co., (i954), V.0.Lipean cited Portsmouth as still having the fourth largest Jewish provincial congregation as late as 1851, after Manchester, Liverpool and Birmingham.Appendix Tables pp.185 - 187.

25 As Mordecai Moses was one of the first Jewish residents in Portsmouth there remains a possibility that he could have offered his home for synagogue use when the congregation gave up meeting in Oyster Street in the late 1730s. If that did happen then the account given by W.G. Gates would be accurate. Daniel Street would have provided a convenient departure point for the congregation’s re-establishment across the road in White’s Row in 1742.

26 C. Roth, OP.CIT., p.18.

27 C. Roth, OP.CIT., p.20.

28 Lucien Wolf, ‘A Peep into the Portsmouth Pinches’, JEWISH CHRONICLE, 15 August 1890. Also his notebook in the Mocatta Library, University College, London.

29 Cecil Roth, HISTORY OF THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, (Edward Goldaton & Son Ltd.1950). Roth describes on p.128 how ‘It was in Portsmouth, the largest of the provincial communities, that the battle was fought out.’ He relates how, as part of the acceptance of Schiff, Portsmouth Jewry not only agreed that ‘every person called to the Reading of the Law was to make an offering in his honour; year by year 5 lbs of wax were to be sent to London to be used for illuminating the Great Synagogue during the Day of Atonement, as token of homage’.

30 Rabbi E. Newman, OP.CIT., p.254

31 Rabbi C. Newman, OP.CIT. p.256. A.G. Grimwade ESA ‘Anglo - Jewish Silver’, refers to ‘two interesting inventions in the Adam classical style in bell at Portsmouth, one by the woman silversmith Hester Bateman at 1780 and the other, very similar, by Bolton & Humphreys three years later these are modelled as urn -shaped vases chased with palm leaves and rosettes with scroll brackets and coronet tops’. These finials remained in the possession of the Portsmouth and Southsea Hebrew Congregation until 1986 when the ‘Hester Bateman Bells’ were sold to raise money for general synagogue upkeep.

32 C. Roth, OP.CIT., p.19.

33 Rabbi E. Newman, OP.CIT., p.257

34 J.C.(JEWISH CHRONICLE) 9 February 1855

35 The names were: Messrs. H.H. Emanuel, John Emanuel, M. Solomon, W. Hyams, M. Lee, Eleazer Hart, Mich. Hart, Solomon Hart, Judah Emanuel, John Edwards, David Levey, Samuel Solomon, W. Hyams and a Mr. Joseph. Some of these names appear as leading figures in Portsmouth’s civic and political activities indicating, perhaps, a wore responsible set of secessionists than previously.

36 J.C. 12 October 1860.

37 Correspondence Book, 26 September 1893.

38 J.C. 22 July 1891.

39 J.C. 10 March 1893.

40 J.C. 19 May 1893.

41 J.C. 19 May 1893.

42 Correspondence Book, 16 August 1893.

43 J.C. 4 October 1895.

44 J.C. Mottley, HISTORY OF PORTSMOUTH, Local History Collection, Portsmouth Central Library.

45 8.1. (HAMPSHIRE TELEGRAPH) 20 March 1878.

46 C. Roth, OP.CIT., p.4.

47 These consisted of two large and two small scrolls of law, a large crown and breastplate for the scrolls, a pair of silver bells, 2 silver pointers, a silver cup, another breast plate, and a besomin box.

48 J.C. 21 January 1865.

49 Revd. I.S. Meisels, OP. CIT., p.113.

50 Advice given by the Honorary Solicitor, MINUTE BOOK, 5 December 1960.

51 Revd. I.S. Meisels, OP. CIT., p.121.

52 J.C. 21 January 1876.

53 J.C. 13 January 1854.

54 J.C. 23 January 1863.

55 MINUTE 800K, 3 May 1976.

56 PORTSMOUTH TIMES, September 1859.

57 Report on SHE PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY, Local History Collection, Portsmouth Central Library. They were three members of the Emanuel family together with Reuben Hart and George Levi.

58 J.C. 6 December 1878.

59 J.C. 28 June 1850.

60 Portsmouth (Gefen) House provides social and occupational training services to Jewish and Arab women of poor and deprived circumstances.

61 A. Geddes, ‘Portsmouth During the Great French Wars’ THE PORTSMOUTH PAPERS 9, (1970).

62 Victor Bonham Carter, writing on his family history, IN A LIBERAL TRADITION, (1960).

63 They were: Moses Israel, Emanuel Levey, Aaron Moses, Isaac Fonesca, Reuben France, Solomon Naphtali, Abraham David, Isacher Solomon and Abraham Solomon, all of Dukes Place, London, and College Street, Portsmouth. See A. Geddes, OP.CIT., p.14.

64 F.J. Proctor, REMINISCENCES OF OLD PORTSMOUTH, (Portsmouth 1931), p.20


66 Cecil Roth, A HISTORY OF THE JEWS OF ENGLAND, (Clarendon Press 1978).

67 M. Todd Engelman, THE JEWS OF GEORGIAN ENGLAND 1714 - 1830, Jewish Publication Society of America, (1979), p.276.

68 8.1. 13 March 1815.

69 H.T. 8 August 1816.

70 H.T. 22 March 1820.

71 M.Todd Engelman, OP.CIT., p.276.

72 H.T. 7 December 1835. 91

73 H.T. 11 December 1837. 99

74 8.1. 11 December 1837. The following was introduced: ‘Your petitioners, therefore, pray that your Honorable House will be pleased to take into consideration the case of British born Jews, and to confer on them the rights of holding seats in Parliament, together with every other privilege enjoyed by Her Majesty’s faithful subjects’.

75 C. Roth, OP.CIT., p.256.

76 J.C. 27 May 1870.

77 THE NEWS, 20 November 1975.

78 J.C. 9 February 1855.

79 W. Gates. OP.CIT., p.424

80 Dr J.L. Field, ‘The Battle of Southsea’, THE PORTSMOUTH PAPERS January 1981; details of Alderman Emanuel’s business interests in Southsea development are given on pp.8 - 11.

81 Dr J.L. Field, OP.CIT., p.lO.

82 Rabbi E. Newman, OP.CIT., p.26l. A Portrait of Michael Emanuel (1767 - 1818) hangs in the Jewish Museum, Woburn House, London.

83 J.C. 7 March 1873.

84 J.C. 22 May 1981.

85 Rabbi E. Newman, OP.CIT., p.26l.

86 8.1. 14 February 1974. Report on The Past.

87 H.T. 21 May 1963.

88 John Streeton writing in THE NEWS, 4 July 1973.

89 THE NEWS, 14 March 1970.

90 THE NEWS, 11 February 1972.

91 J.C. 14 June 1985.

92 THE NEWS, 6 May 1961.

93 H.T. 30 May 1968.

94 J.C. 11 August 1876.

95 J.C. 7 January 1887.

96 A Needham, HOW TO STUDY AN OLD CHURCH, (8.1. Bataford 1957).

97 John P.8. Brooke - Little M.V.D., M.A., F.S.A., Norroy & Ulster King of Arms of the College of Arms, was good enough to examine photographs of the Portsmouth Synagogue’s coat of arms to help establish its authenticity. Correspondence from him drew attention to the practice whereby Anglican churches installed coats of arms. Be also gave his view that the arms may have been cast around 1770, although he was unable to explain the unusual form of the fleur de lys. Otherwise the design conforms to that used between 1714 and 1800 after which time the fleur de lys was deleted from royal coats of arms. With regard to the lion crest that is missing from the Portsmouth coat of arms, it does appear that this might have been broken off at some time although its absence would not have been unusual.

98 M. Todd Engelman, OP.CIT., p.275.

99 C. Roth OP.CIT., p.11.

100 C.W. Chalklin, THE PROVINCIAL TOWNS OF GEORGIAN ENGLAND, (E. Arnold 1974), p.24.

101 UNIVERSAL BRITISH DIRECTORY OF TRADE COMMERCE & MANUFACTURE, Vol. 4, 1798. Slopsellers provided clothing suitable for ships’ crews. Subsequent navy issue has been referred to as ‘slops’.

102 C.W. Chalklin, OP.CIT., p.44.

103 J.C. II January 1907.

104 H.T. 2 October 1866. It is interesting to note that speeches delivered on that occasion included reference to ‘130 years of congregational existence’, which would have dated the origin of the Portsmouth congregation as 1736.

105 Minute Book 16 May 1954.

106 Report of a meeting of the Guild of Jewish Journalists, J.C. 14 January 1977.