YAHYA (or Hiyya) Berdugo (d.1617) endorsed an ordinance in
Fez in 1605, later left for Tetuan and was nominated deputy rabbi there
A YAHYA Berdugo was known in Meknes about the same time but it
is not certain whether they are identical or not.
MOSES BEN ABRAHAM, called "Mashbir" (c. 1679 -
1730), was head of the rabbinical court in Meknes, where the Berdugos
settled after leaving Fez. Famous for his sense of justice (compilation Or
ha-Hayyim, to Deut. 1:15), he was the author of Rosh Mashbir, novellae
on the Pentateuch and on some of the Talmud tractates (1840); Kenaf
Renanim, commentaries and novellae to the Bible (1909), and Kenaf
Renanim II, an anthology of homilies (1932); and Divrei Moshe, responsa
(1947). Other unpublished writings are at the National Library,
Jerusalem (Ms. Heb. 8º 1446), Ben-Zvi Institute, Jerusalem (Ms.
736), and in private possession.
JUDAH BEN JOSEPH
1 (1690 - 1744), dayyan in Meknes (1730)
following MOSES B. ABRAHAM Berdugo the Mashbir, was the author of
Mayim Amukkim, a commentary on the Pentateuch and haftorot, (1937).
Some of his responsa have been published in the responsa of Jacob ibn
MORDECAI BEN JOSEPH.
"Ha Marbiz" (1948): others are
still extant in manuscript.
(1747 -1821). son of this Mordecai, dayyan and scholar,
was the author of the following works: Mishpatim Yesharim, responsa
(2 vols., 1891), Torot Emet. commentary on the Shulhan Arukh
(1939); bound with he latter are Kizzur ha-Takkanot, and Minhagei
Terefot. and Mei Menushot, a commentary on the Pentateuch (2
vols., 1900 - 42). Other works are still in manuscript, including
translations of the Bible from Genesis to the end of Isaiah into Arabic.
under the title, Leshon Limmudim,
"the Mevin" (1767 - 1824), son of Raphael, was a
dayyan and the author of responsa and other works including Lev
Mevin and Penei Mevin (issued together 1951). His novellae to
the Talmud are in manuscript.
PETHAHIAH MORDECAI BEN JEKUTHIEL
([764—1820) was the author of Nofet
Zufim,. responsa (1938), and Pittuhei Hotam. a commentary on
the Talmud (unpublished).
1783 -1843), his brother, dayyan and poet, was known
for his stand against the rabbis of Tiberias in favor of the Jerusulem
rabbis in the controversy of 1836 over participation in halukkah. His
works include Shufrei de-Ya’akov, responsa (1910); Gallei
Amikta, a commentary on Mayim Amukkim of Judah Berdugo
(1911); Kol Yaakov. liturgical poems (1844). To’afot
Re'em or Karnei Re'em. on Rashi and Elijah * Mizrahi,
is still in manuscript (Ms. Jerusalem National Library, Ms. Heb. 8º
3839, and 1448).
JOSEPH (1802 - 1854), dayyan in Meknes, was a scholar
whose works include a lexicon of Hebrew grammatical roots and their
derivatives, Ketonet Yosef (3 vols. 1922 - 43). Other works arc
JACOB BEN MORDECAI
(d. 1901), brother of Joseph, was an av bet
din in Meknes. SOLOMON BEN DANIEL (1854 - 1906), halakhic
authority and poet, was a rabbi in Meknes and in 1897 was appointed
rabbi of the community. He was the author of Dei Hashev, Em le-Masoret,
responsa, a collection of laws and Torah novellae; appended are Musar
Haskel and Shirei Shelomo (1950)
JEKUTHIEL HAYViM BEN ELISHA
~(I858 - I940), great-grandson of
Mordecai b.Joseph, was born in Rabat, and appointed dayyan there
in 1893. The French government appointed him in 1922 a member of the
supreme bet din (court of appeal) which had its seat in Rabat,
the capital of Morocco. In 1934 he deputized for Raphael *Ankawa, chief
rabbi or Morocco, during his Illness, and he succeeded him after his
death.. In 1935 he was made president of the Supreme bet din.
JOSHUA BEN JACOB
(1878 - 1953) became chief rabbi of Meknes
in 1904 and in 1941 chief rabbi of Morocco, where he served until
his death. He had a strong personality and on a number of occasions was
in conflict with the leaders of’ the Church and with members of the
French government, by whom he was respected. The communal rules and
regulations adopted during this time were published in the pamphlets of
"The Council ol’ Moroccan Rabbis" (Casablanca). None of his
books was published.